zat warna alam

PELATIHAN PEWARNAAN ALAMI UNTUK TEKSTIL

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Batik Kayu Dengan Pewarna Alami

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Batik kayu diwarna dengan soga alam campuran kayu tingi, tegeran, jambal , warna hitam dengan mordan tunjung dan warna coklat muda dengan mordan tawas

DAFTAR HARGA BAHAN PEWARNA ALAMI

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PRICE LIST BAHAN PEWARNA ALAM
Bahan-bahan pewarna alami yang tersedia di pasaran di Yogyakarta
Pasta Indigo  kurang lebih Rp. 65.000/kg (SIAP PAKE)
Jolawe kurang lebih Rp. 25.000/kg  (kayu)
Tingi    kurang lebih Rp. 25.000/kg  (Kulit kayu)
Tegeran  kurang lebih Rp. 25.000/kg (kayu)
Secang   kurang lebih Rp. 25.000/kg (kayu)
Jambal    kurang lebih Rp. 25.000/kg (kayu)

Bahan Fiksasi
Tawas kurang lebih 9000/kg
Tunjung kurang lebih 9000/kg

Kapur    kurang lebih 9.000/kg
Pemesanan melalui B4D3 Consultants menggunakan daftar harga diatas
Harga dapat berubah sewaktu-waktu tanpa pemberitahuan terlebih dahulu
Harga belum termasuk ongkos kirim
Untuk pengiriman pembelian minimal total  5 kg. (bisa campuran dari berbagai bahan)

Memilih Pewarna Alami Yang Ekonomis (pewarna dari sekam kayu)

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Tips memilih pewarna alami yang ekonomis

oleh:noor fitrihana

  1. Ambil dari tanaman yang mudah tumbuh, usianya pendek , tersedia dalam jumlah banyak dan mudah diperoleh.
  2. Gunakan ekstrak dari limbah dari sisa sisa/produk samping dari pengolahan hasil pertanian, perkebunan maupun hutan misalnya limbah pabrik sari buah atau makanan yang mengambil ekstrak dari tanaman atau sisa penggergajian kayu/sekam. Seperti contoh berikut:

Zat Mordant dan Mordanting

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Mordant

Very important component of the natural dyeing process is the mordant. Dyes do not interact directly with the materials they are intended to colour. Natural dyes are substantive and require a mordant to fix to the fabric, and prevent the colour from either fading with exposure to light or washing out. These compounds bind the natural dyes to the fabrics. Mordant is an intermediary agent, combining with certain natural dyes to bind the colouring matter to the fibre. A mordant is an element which aids the chemical reaction that takes place between the dye and the fibre, so that the dye is ab­sorbed. Containers used for dying must be non-reactive (enamel, stainless steel). Brass, copper or iron pots will do their own mordanting. Different mordants yield different colours in the same dye bath; while vegetable dyes yield warm, subtle colours, their density and colour fastness are determined by varying concentrations and skilful manipulation of the mordants. Not all dyes need mordants to help them adhere to fabric. If they need no mordants, such as lichens and walnut hulls, they are called substantive dyes. If they need a mordant, they are called adjective dyes. Common mordants are alum (usually used with cream of tartar, which helps evenness and brightens slightly); iron (or copper) (which saddens or darken colours, bringing out green shades); tin (usually used with cream of tartar, which blooms or brightens col-ours, especially reds, oranges and yellows), and blue vitriol (which saddens colours and brings out greens shades). There are three types of mordant: Metallic mordants: Metal salts of aluminium, chromium, iron, copper and tin are used. Tannins: Myrobalan and sumach are commonly used in the textile industry. Oil mordants: These are mainly used in dyeing turkey red colour from madder. The main function of the oil mordant is to form a com­plex with alum used as the main mordent.

Mordants and Assistants

  • Potassium Alum: The standard alum mordant: potassium aluminum sulfate,, hydrated. Granular form, easy to handle.
  • Calcium Carbonate – Finely ground limestone – low magnesium – high calcium.
  • Calcium Hydroxide – AKA hydrated or slaked lime. High purity – low in magnesium. Highly alkaline – handle with care.
  • Citric Acid – Safe acid fixative for wool fibers and acid mediums. Granular, dissolves in water.
  • Copper Sulfate – The standard copper mordant: cupric sulfate pentahydrate; common name: blue vitriol. Poisonous Handle with care, see warning label.
  • Cream of Tartar – Potassium bitartrate; dye assistant most often used with alum and tin mordants on wool and silk.
  • Ferrous Sulfate – The standard iron mordant: ferrous sulfate heptahydrate; common names are copperas and green vitriol. Poisonous: Handle with care, see warning label.
  • Soda Ash – Anhydrous sodium carbonate; Chemically the same as washing or sal soda, but 2.5 times stronger. Highly alkaline; handle with care
  • Sodium Sulfate, Anhydrous – Chemically the same as glauber’s salts, except more concentrated (2 1/4 times stronger).
  • Spectralite®: A brand name for thiourea dioxide; used as a reducing agent in indigo dye vats; and as a bleach (stripping agent) to remove some kinds of synthetic dyes. Strong reducing agent, handle with care.
  • Tara Powder: Ground seed pods of the plant Caesalpinia spinosa; about 50% tannin; a good neutral-colored source of tannin for mordanting cotton, logwood blacks, etc
  • Tartaric Acid: Chemically similar to cream of tartar, but shifts pH more toward acidic.
  • Tin (Stannous Chloride): Caustic, handle with care, see warning label.
  • Zinc Dust:Finely powdered zinc metal. Flammable, toxic if ingested. Store away from acids & oxidizing agents

Mordanting

Mordents such as alum, chrome, copper sulphate, ferrous sulphate, cream of tartar, stannous chloride, tartaric acid are used as mordants. Threebasic methods of mordanting are in vogue on yarns/fabrics. The use of different mordants change the colour of same dyestuff. Thus different combination of mordants.

i Premordanting:

In this method the yarn/fabric is mordanted in the first stage and then

dyed in the second stage.

Prepare an aqueous solution by dissolving required amount of suitable

Mordant in water.

Enter the yarn/fabric and boil for 30 to 45 minutes

Dye the yarn/fabric in the prepared dyebath

Wash, rinse and dry

ii Simultaneous Mordanting

In this method the mordant and the dye are applied simultaneously in the

same bath.

Record the optical density of the extracted dye liquor. Dip the yarn/fabric

in the extracted dye liquor and boil for 15 minutes.

Add required amount of mordant to the extracted dye solution and stir well

and boil for 30 to 45 minutes.

Record the optical density of the dye liquor

Wash, rinse and dry

Boil the dyed material in the mordanting liquid for 30 to 40 minutes

iii Post Mordanting:

In this method the fabric is first dyed and then mordanted.

Prepare the dye soluttion and record the optical density

Dye the yarn/fabric in the dye solution

Record the optical density of the dye liquor after dyeing

Prepare the aqueous solution by adding required amount of suitable mordant.

Boil the dyed material in the mordanting liquor for 30 to 45 minutes.

Wash, rinse and dry

Methods of Extraction

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Methods of Extraction
The extraction methods of vegetable dyes basically depends on medium
in which the dye is extracted. There are mainly four methods used in
extraction of natural dyes.

i. Aqueous Method:

Boil known amount dyestuff in 100 ml. of soft water at 100 C.
Filter the dye solution
Record the optical density
ii Alkaline Method:
Prepare 1% alkaline solution with addition of 1 g. Socium
carbonate/Sodium hydroxide in 100 ml. of water.
Enter the dye material and boil at 100 C.
Filter the dye solution
Record the optical density
ii Acidic Method
Prepare 1% of acidic solution by adding 1 ml. of HCL in 100 ml. of
Soft water.
Enter the dye material and boil at 100 C.
Filter the dye solution
Record the optical density
iv. Alcoholic Method
Add 50 ml. of alcohol to 50 ml. of water
Enter the dye material and boil
Filter the dye solution

Sources of Natural dyes

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Sources of  Natural  dyes
The natural dyes are classified as monogenetic and polygenetic dyes.
Monogenetic dye materials produce only one colour on textiles
irrespective of mordants. Polygenetic dye matters develop different
colours according to the mordant applied before dyeing.
The common sources of Natural dyes are as under:
(i) Parts of Plants such as leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, barks, roots of dye
yielding plants.
(ii) Minerals such as prussion blue, red ochre and ultramarine blue,
(iii) Animal origins such as Lac, cochimeal and kermes.
The cultivation of trees in unused lands will yield dye matters and the fuel
wood for the villages. Thus, the encouragement of cultivation of dye
yielding plants and trees will boost agro-based activity in rural areas
leading to rural development and employment.

Jangan Buang KUlit Bixa (Kesumba)

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Arah Warna Alam dari kulit Bixa
Arah Warna Alam dari kulit Bixa
Warna Alam dari Kulit Bixa
By:Nor Fitrihana
Umumnya kita membuat warna alami dari biji kesumba dan membuang kulitnya. Nah ini hasil eksperimen oleh mahasiswa saya di Lab Kimia Jurusan PTBB FT UNY yang  telah berhasil mengeksplorasi pigmen warna dari kulit bixa. Hasilnya tidak jauh beda dengan yang dihasilkan oleh bijinya. Mulai saat ini manfaatkan kulit bixa untuk membuat zat warna alam.